Geo-Safari research project

Fluorescent Minerals Of Africa Gallery

Fluorescent Minerals Of Africa 3D Gallery

Fluorescent Minerals of the Southern African Display Case

Investigating the fluorescent minerals of Africa

 

Geo Safari Research List

 

South Africa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eRocks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spirifer Minerals

Diamond Crystals

 CK Minerals UV 

  Tsavorite.com

  Steiner's Rock Shop

Topmin.de

Exceptional Minerals.com

Dan Weinrich minerals

Brandberg Crystal Center

Kelly's Rock Shop

 Richard Taylor Minerals UK

 Minclassics.com

Earth's Treasures 

 Mineralen en Micromounts

Wright's Rock Shop

Firebirdminerals.com

 Kyber Minerals - Africa

  Southern African Minerals

 Riviera Minerals

 Element 51.com

Tsavorite crystals, Mineral Miners

Minerals.se

 

New Fluorescence

LW Fluorescent Uranium & Thorium Minerals

SW Fluorescent Uranium & Thorium Minerals

 

Customized map: view from space with an overlay showing geographical zones.

 

 

 

Field trip reports and info - SA

 Southern African Minerals

 Geological History Tours

Longer Tours

SA collectors mineral images

*Journeez Rock Tourss*

  2003 Geological Tour

   Field Trips - Pretoria Club

Field Trips, Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal

* South African Field Trip 2005*

Geotraverse Kapstadt-Windhoek 2003 

index

 UMR Geology Summer Field Trip 2004—South Africa

* Orange River - Richtersveld trip report *

* http://reports.overland.co.za *

 Univ. of Cape Town Geology Honors Excursions

1997

  1998,

1999

 2000

 2001

2002

 2003

 2004

 2005


 " Fluor-trekkers "

 

 Gemboree 2007

The 2007 GEMBOREE will be hosted by the Witwatersrand Gem and Mineral Club and will take place in Phalaborwa from 6th to 9th April

Gemboree 2006 article

 

 

 

Mindat Localities

South Africa

Location List

Including potential fl. minerals

Collecting status mostly unknown

 

Northern Cape

 Kalahari Manganese Fields

  Wessels Mine

Aragonite, Barite, Brucite, Calcite, Charlesite, Clinochrysotile, Datolite, Diopside, Dolomite, Ettringite, Foshagite, Gageite, Gowerite, Grossular, Gypsum, Hibschite, Jennite, Kutnohorite, Manganoan Calcite, Pectolite, Richterite, Rhodochrosite, Tobermorite, Wollastonite, Xonotlite

N'Chwanning II

Afwillite, Analcime, Anglesite, Anthophyllite, Apatite, Aragonite, Barite, Becquerelite, Boltwoodite, Brucite, Calcite, Celestite, Charlesite, Creedite, Datolite, Diopside, Ettringite, Gageite, Gowerite,  Hibschite, Kutnohorite, Olmiite, Oyelite, Pectolite, Phlogopite, Richterite, Rhodochrosite, Sphalerite, Strontianite, Xonotlite

 Hotazel Mine

"abandoned open pit"

Barite, Calcite, Chalcedony, Cymrite, Gypsum, Opal, Rhodochrosite

 * Pering Mine

Dolomite, Sphalerite

Pella, Orange River

Corundum, fluorite, opal

 fluorescent "herkimer diamonds"

Springbok-Steinkopf and Onseepkans area, Northern Cape province

Groendorn IV pegmatite

Steinkopf, Namaqualand

Apatite, Calcite, Corundum, Eucryptite, Phenakite, Spodumene, Topaz, Uraninite

  Mollenfontein

Eucryptite

 Abassu

Namaqualand

Scheelite

 Aggeneys

Apatite, Barite, Calcite, Cerussite, Corundum, Diopside, Grossular, Gyspum, Hemimorphite, Kalinite, Leadhillite, Pyromorphite, Rhodochrosite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Titanite, Zircon, Zoisite

  Nababeep West mine

Namaqualand

Anhydrite, Barite, Calcite, Fluoroapatite, Fluorite, Gypsum, Prehnite, Scheelite, Sphalerite

 Garies

on border with Western Cape province

Grossular, Vesuvianite, Wollasonite

Keimoes

SW of Kakamas

Bertrandite (Middel Post pegmatite), Wollastonite

Postmasburg manganese field

Barite, Calcite, Gibbsite, Opal, Pyrophyllite, Zunyite

 Prieska Copper Mine

Namaqualand

Anhydrite, Apatite, Barite, Calcite, Corundum, Diopside, Dolomite, Dravite, Forsterite, Gypsum, Phlogopite, Sphalerite, Spinel, Tremolite

Gamsberg zinc mine, Aggeneys

Apatite, Barite, Pyromorphite, Sphalerite

Mamatwan Mine

southern Kalahari Manganese Fields

Open pit mine

Calcite, Chalcedony, Dolomite, Tridymite

Tantus Farm 30, Gamsberg area

Scheelite

All Namibian Scheelite locations

 

Gauteng

 Pilanesberg Mt.

Analcime, Apatite, Calcite, Catapleeite, Helvite, Microcline, Opal, Pectolite, Sodalite, Sphalerite, Zircon

Transvaal mine, Argent, Gauteng

Anglesite, Cerrusite, Pyromorphite, Sphalerite, Wurtzite

Argent is 100 km east of Jo'burg. South of Bronkhorstspruit.

 Moepe Mine -  Pilanesberg Mt.

Fluorite

Wydhoek farm-  Pilanesberg Mt.

Fluorapatite, Fluorite

Rand London quarry, Krugersdorp

Aragonite

Argent

100 km E of Jo'burg. S of Bronkhorstspruit

Anglesite, Barite, Calcite, Cerussite, Dolomite, Hemimorphite, Hopeite, Hydrocerussite, Lanarkite, Leadhillite, Matlockite, Minium, Phosgenite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Wurtzite

Salt Pan Crater

Gaylussite, Trona

 

 

 

Northwest Province

Mineral profile maps

Lujavrite outcrop, Pilanesberg Complex

Analcime, Fluorapatite, Hilairite, Huttonite, Microcline, Sphalerite, Strontium-Apatite, Titanite, Weloganite, Zircon

Spitskop


Calcite, Diopside, Meionite

Ottoshoop district

Cerussite, Fluorite, Smithsonite

 

Witkop Fluorite Mine, Ottoshoop

(source: Online Mins)

Tremolite

 Marico district

Anglesite, Cerussite, Fluorite, Massicot, Minium, Pyromorphite

 

Western Bushveld Complex

 Pering mine

Reivilo, east of Kuruman

Anglesite, Calcite, Cerussite, Dolomite, Fluorite, Hydrozincite, Phlogopite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite (not fluorescent)

 Waaikraal gold deposit, Western Bushveld

Andesine, Apatite, Calcite, Sphalerite, Spinel

Helem Mine, Swartruggens

Apatite, Barite, Calcite, Diamond, Sanidine, Strontianite, Wadeite, Zircon

Saulspoort

Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex

Britholite-(Ce), Thorite

Thabayadiotsa 

Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex

Britholite-(Ce), Fluorite

 

 

KwaZulu-Natal

Marble Delta area

Apatite, Calcite, Chondrodite, Clinohumite, Diopside, Dravite, Grossular, Marialite, Meionite, Opal, Phlogopite, Spinel, Talc, Titanite, Tremolite, Wollastonite

Port Shepstone Lime Quarry

2006 Marble Delta field trip

 

*Diopside crystals over a meter long, Marble Delta*

Idwalla Quarry

Calcite

Rhebok workings, Hlbisa

Chalcedony, Fluorite

Alladin fluorite mine, Sinkwazi

Barite, Calcite, fluorite

Ridgeview quarry,

Umbilo Valley, Cato Manor, Durban

Barite, Calcite, Dickite, Fluorite, Gypsum

 Coedmore quarry

Bellair, Durban

Apophyllite, Barite, Calcite, Chabazite, Gypsum, Laumontite, Montmorillonite, Prehnite

Clairwood Quarries

Umhlatuzana valley, Durban

Analcime, Apophyllite, Calcite, Chabazite, Dickite, Fluorite, Heulandite, Laumontite, Montmorillonite, Prehnite

 

 

Limpopo

Vergenoeg mine

Autunite, Barite, Calcite, Fluorapatite, Fluorite, Gearksutite, Gypsum, Microcline, Prosopite, Sphalerite, Titanite, Xenotime

 

Syferfontein Calcite Mine, Nylstroom

field trip

Palabora Mine

Analcime, Baddeleyite, Barite, Brucite, Calcite, Celestine, Chabazite, Chondrodite, Datolite, Dolomite, Fluorborite, Fluorapatite, Laumontite, Magnesite, Natrolite, Pectolite, Phlogopite, Prehnite, Scolecite, Sphalerite, Xonotlite

Phalabora Complex article

Foskor Apatite pit

Phalabora

Apatite, Barite, Brucite, Calcite, Celestine, Chondrodite, Dolomite, Fluoborite, Hydromagnesite, Phlogopite, Witherite

 Vivo

Soutspansberg District

Opal

Penge

Aragonite, Meionite

Mica Siding area

Mica

Andesine, Corundum, Fluorapatite, Margarite

Gravelotte, Murchison Range

Albite, Anthophyllite, Apatite, Dravite, Grossular, Magnesite, Margarite, Microcline, Scheelite, Senarmontite, Spodumene, Talc

Palmietfontane farm

Palmietfontein Farm, Zoutpansberg District

Andesine, Corundum (sapphire?)

Andesine, fl. bright blue is found in a corundum pegmatite with similar name

Potgietersrust District (Zaaiplaats tin field)

Albite, Anorthite, Anthophyllite, Aragonite, Bastnastite-Ce, Calcite, Cookeite, Corundum, Fluorapatite, Fluorite, Grossular, Orthoclase, Phenakite, Scheelite, Sphalerite, Xenotime-Y, Zircon

Goudini carbonatite complex

Albite, Apatite, Barite, Burbankite, Calcite, Cancrinite, Fluorite, Lorenzite, Phlogopite, Titanite

 

 

 

Mpumalanga

 

Stavoren - Mutue tin field

Hillside Quarry

Calcite, Fluorite, Scheelite

 Pilgrim's Rest

Aragonite, Calcite, Scheelite

Uitfarm

Brucite, Calcite, Periclase

 Witbank coalfield, Witbank

Barite, gypsum, mascagnite, phlogopite

Hendriksplaats Farm, Lydenburg District, Eastern Bushveld Complex

Apatite, Diopside, Monticellite, Uvarovite

 Glynn's Lydenburg Mine, Pilgrim's Rest

Scheelite

Mpumalanga

 

Stavoren - Mutue tin field

Hillside Quarry

Calcite, Fluorite, Scheelite

 Pilgrim's Rest

Aragonite, Calcite, Scheelite

Uitfarm

Brucite, Calcite, Periclase

 Witbank coalfield, Witbank

Barite, gypsum, mascagnite, phlogopite

Hendriksplaats Farm, Lydenburg District, Eastern Bushveld Complex

Apatite, Diopside, Monticellite, Uvarovite

 Glynn's Lydenburg Mine, Pilgrim's Rest

Scheelite

Argent Mines

Cerussite, Matlockite, Mimetite, Minium, Pyromorphite

 

 

 

Eastern Cape

Aliwal North

Calcite

 Barkely East

Drakensberg region

Analcime, Calcite, Chabazite

Drakensberg region

Calcite, Chabazite, Epistilbite, Harmotome, Laumontite, Mordenite, Natrolite, Stellerite

 Alum Kranz Farm

Pickingerite

 

 

Western Cape

Rietkuil (Uranium mine)

Beaufort West

Autunite, Phosphuranylite, Pickingerite, Sabugalite, Uranophane Beta, Uranospinite, other uranium minerals

Salpeterkop Mts

Carbonatite complex SE of Sutherland

Analcime, Barite, Calcite, Chalcedony, Fluorite, Gypsum, Natrolite, Thorite

Jenkinskop

Richtersveld

Tremolite

 

 

Free State

Sasolburg

Barite, gypsum, mascagnite, phlogopite

Roberts Victor Mine

Boshof, Lejweleputswa District, Free State Province

Ablite, Analcime, Calcite, Corundum, Diamond, Diopside, Mullite, Sanidine, Spinel

 

 Giant Fluorescent (?) Crystals - South Africa

 

2006 Marble Delta field trip

*Diopside crystals over a meter long, Marble Delta*

 

 

 

Possible fl. minerals of South Africa

Calcite

Many locations in SA

Fluorite

Fl. blue-purple, LW, and other colors, including pink SW, yellow, white

Many locations in SA

Cerussite

Fl. pale yellow. Fl. blue also reported

Many locations in SA

 Barite

Wessels, N'Chwanning II, Hotazel Mine,  Aggeneys,  Nababeep West mine,  Prieska Copper Mine, Gamsberg Zinc Mine, Postmasburg manganese field, Argent, Salpeterkop Mts, Palabora

 Sphalerite

N'Chwanning II, Pering Mine, Aggeneys, Nababeep West mine, Gamsberg Zinc Mine, Pilanesberg Mt., Argent, Palabora, others

  Aragonite

Numerous locations

Richterite - bright fl. orange

Wessels, N'Chwanning mines

 Zircon

fl. yellow

Pilanesberg Mt, Bushveld Complex, various pegmatites, Northern and Western Cape provinces

  Wollastonite

Garies

 Natrolite

various locations

 Grossular

N. P. C. Simuma quarries, Marble Delta

Aggeneys + Garies

Wessels

Thaumasite

fl. dull white

Wessels Mine, N'Chwaning I, II Mines

My Wessels specimen not fluorescent

Andalusite

fl. yellow

Many locations in South Africa

Allophane

possibly fl. blue, green, white or yellow

 

Okiep copper district, Namaqualand

Mbobo Mkulu Cave, Nelspruit District, Mpumalanga Province

Fluoborite

Palabora

TVM reports it's not fluorescent from Palabora

Autunite

fl. yellow-green

Rietkuil, Beaufort West

radioactive

 Dickite

fl. bright blue-white coating

Ridgeview Quarry,

Umbilo Valley, Cato Manor, Durban

Clairwood Quarries - now a recreation area (?)

  Hydrocerussite

fl. white LW

Argent

Lanarkite

fl. yellow

Argent

 Clinohumite

Marble Delta

Stronitum-Apatite

Lujavrite outcrop

Pilanesberg complex

Strontianite

fl. blue

N'chwanning II, others?

Xonotlite

Fl. pale cream-white

N'Chwanning II, Wessels mine, Palabora mine

 Topaz

Fl. pale yellow

many locations

 Hibschite

synonym of Hydrogrossular

Wessels mine, N'Chwaning II mine, others

 Andesine

fl. blue -"extraordinary brightness", from corundum pegmatite, "Palmietfontein, Transvaal", probably this location

Mica Siding, Limpopo

Witherite

Fl. white

Foskor Apatite pit, Phalaborwa

Talc

Messina, Kalahari manganese fields, other locations

Anthophyllite

fl. red

Limpopo locations

 Tremolite

Marble Delta, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Jenkinskop (Richtersveld), Prieska Copper Mine, Northern Cape (Namaqualand)

Hemimorphite

fl. blue, sometimes white or green

Broken Hill, Aggeneys, Argent,

Edendale lead mine, Marico District

Pyromorphite

fl. orange or yellow

Gamsberg Zinc Mine (Aggeneys), Transvaal mine (Gauteng)

Also Argent Mines, Mpumalanga

Cerussite 

fl. pale yellow

Aggeneys, Shimwell vein, Gauteng

Anglesite

fl. pale yellow

Transvaal mine, Gauteng

 Uvarovite

some are fl. red

Lydenburg district, Mpumalanga

Rustenberg district, Northwest Province

 Analcime

Analcime

SW green blue white, LW - green, creamy white yellow

Lujavrite outcrop, Pilansberg Complex

Celestine 

various location in SA

My KMF specimen not fluorescent

Microlite

fl.

according to New Fluorescence

 Bustamite

Fl. red

N'Chwaning I, II Mine

Senarmontite

fl. orange

Alpha-Gravelotte mine, Limpopo

  Opal

various locations

 Dravite

fl. yellow

Kubannek Quarrys, Gravellote, Limpopo, Prieska Copper Mine, Northern Cape, Mooinooi Mine, west of Pretoria, NW Province

Chabazite 

fl. yellow-green

various locations

Diopside

Fl. bright blue

Many locations

Gaylussite

Salt Pan Crater, Gauteng province

Trona

Salt Pan Crater, Gauteng province

Titanite

aka Sphene

fl. weak brown SW

Many locations

Orthoclase

Many locations

 Olmiite

fl. red SW

N'Chwanning II mine,

Kalahari Manganese Field

 Ettringite

uncertain fluorescence

N'Chwanning I & II, Wessels Mine

Pollucite 

Fl. cream white blue green SW, weak orange LW

Norrabees, Steinkopf, Namaqualand

 Mascagnite

fl. white

2 locations

Gageite (Henckel only)

Fl. weak red LW

N'Chwanning I & 2, Wessels Mine

Scolecite

Fl. bluish-white LW, yellow SW

Palabora mine

Hydrotalcite

Fl. yellow-white, SW, LW

Palabora mine

 Francolite (Carbonate-Fluorapatite)

Luminescence page

Stanger, KwaZulu

 Crandallite (Henkel listing)

on Luminescence

Stanger, KwaZulu

 Lithiophilite

Yellow LW

South Africa locations

  Sanidine

 Mimetite

Argent Mines, Argent ,Mpumalanga

 

 

 

 

Rare fl. species - SA

 Charlesite

Weak Fluorescence, SW light violet, LW light green.

Wessels Mine, N'Chwaning Mines

2 reports from Kalahari not fluorescent

Gowerite

fl. weak white

Wessels, N'Chwanning mines

Clinochrysotile

fl.

according to New Fl.

Wessels Mine and Barberton district

 Kalinite

 Aggeneys, Northern Cape Province

 Becquerelite

Bokse Puts Farm (Bokseputs farm)

Namaqualand, Northern Cape

Gearksutite

Vergenoeg mine, Limpopo Province

Tobermorite

fl. sw weak white to yellow, LW weak white to yellow

Wessels Mine

Thorite

fl. green

Many locations listed here

Radioactive

Amblygonite

Groendorn pegmatites, Steinkopf, Namaqualand

 Uranospinite

fl. yellow-green LW

Abernathyite

fl. yellow-green LW and SW

Beaufort West district

 Foshagite

fl. pale yellow-white

Wessels Mine

  Jennite

fl. weak yellow-white

Wessels Mine

 Torbernite

fl. yellow

Rietkuil, Beaufort West

radioactive

Uranospinite

fl. yellow-green LW

Rietkuil, Beaufort West

Cymrite

fl. bright green

Hotazel Mine, Black Rock Mine

Kalahari Manganese Fields

Sabugalite

fl. bright lemon yellow

Beaufort West District

 Bertrandite

fl. green SW + LW

Jakkalswater; Noumas I pegmatite; Blesberg mine), Steinkopf

Middel Post pegmatite, Keimoes

Oup pegmatite, Kenhardt District, Namaqualand

Hydromagnesite

fl. white (possibly green)

Foskor Apatite pit

Phalaborwa

  Laumontite

fl. white

Palabora, others

Bavenite

fl.

Clift quarry

Paarl granite

Baddeleyite

Palabora

My Palabora specimen not fluorescent

Lanarkite

Argent

 Huttonite

Lujavrite outcrop

Pilanesberg complex

Weloganite

Lujavrite outcrop

Pilanesberg complex

Hopeite

Argent

 Wurtzite

Argent

 Zinnwaldite

fl. peach-yellow, SW + LW

Taranakite

South Africa is only location given

Periclase

fl. light yellow LW

Uitfarm

Mpumalanga

 Margarite

fl. bluish-white

Mica Siding area, Mica, Limpopo

 Gibbsite

Postmasburg manganese field, Northern Cape

Minium

fl. orange LW + SW

Argent and Marico district

Afwillite

fl.

Wessels Mine

Banalsite

fl.

according to New Fl.

Kalahari Manganese Fields, Postmasburg manganese field

Heulandite

 

Palabora, others

Mordenite

fl. white

Drakensburg region

 Harmotome

fl. weak white

Drakensburg region

Uranophane Beta

fl. green 

Rietkuil, Beaufort West District, Western Cape

Stellerite

fl.

Drakensburg region

 Epistilbite

fl. white LW

Drakensburg region

 Tridymite

fl. red

Mamatwan Mine

southern Kalahari Manganese Fields

 Anorthite

fl. blue (rare)

Merensky reef, NW Province

 Zoisite

Thulite is red, pink variety

Tanzanite is blue variety

locations list

Phosphuranylite

fl. orange-brown SW, LW

Beaufort West

 Brazilianite

Anniesfontein, cave deposit

Richtersveld

Creedite 

fl. blue SW, fl. white LW

N'Chwanning I & II mines

Kalahari Manganese Field

 Sogdianite

fl. blue-white SW

Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Field

Pickeringite

Fl. white SW, LW

Alum Kranz farm, Woodbury District, Eastern Cape Province

Rietkuil, Beaufort West District

 Picropharmacolite

Fl. blue-white SW + LW

Kruisrivier cobalt mine, Mpumalanga

Minyulite

Fl. white

South Africa

 Newberyite

fl. weak white SW + LW

Mbobo Mkulu Cave, Nelspruit District, Mpumalanga

Periclase

fl. pale yellow LW

locations

Doyleite

(listed in Minfluo but not certain)

Slipfontein, Western Bushveld Complex

NW Province

Massicot (Henkel only)

fl. yellow SW + LW

Argent

Kindergoed farm, NW Province

Phoenicochroite (Henkel only)

fl. orange-red SW

Argent

Monticellite

fl. orange SW, pink LW (Fluomin)

Hendriksplaats Farm, Lydenburg District, Eastern Bushveld Complex, Mpumalanga Province

 Cancrinite

Fl. yellow

Pilansberg Complex

others

Wadeite

Fl blue-white SW

Helem Mine, Swartruggens, North West Province

Mullite

Roberts Victor Mine, Free State Province

Britholite-(Ce)

Fl. geen

Saulspoort & Thabayadiotsa

Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex

Pickingerite

Rietkuil, Beaufort West

Alum Kranz Farm

Matlockite

Argent Mines, Argent, Mpumalanga

Hilairite

Pilanesberg Alkaline Complex

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources

 

South African Lapidary Journal 

 SAGAMS

 

 

Geology of Provinces summaries

Geosites Database

 

 

 Geological Sciences

 

 

 Department of Geological Sciences

see UCT field trip links above

  Mining Journal Online 

 Geo Sites - Details of SA locations

Witwatersrand Gem and Mineral Club, includes Horst Windisch
Pretoria Gem and Mineral Club
Natal Mineral and Gem Society (Durban) 
Zululand Rock and Mineral Club (Richards Bay) - ZRMC
Mineralogical Society of Southern Africa (Cape Town)

Spectacular minerals from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa article

The Manganese Adventure: The South African Manganese Fields article 

Pilanesberg in South Africa - geology

Pilanesberg National Park Alkaline Ring Complex

Glimpsing game in a collapsed volcano

Southern African Minerals

 

Geology Info

Kalahari Manganese Field details

Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field

Bushveld Complex

The Bushveld complex is a large, layered intrusive. It contains many magmatic ores, pegmatitic and hydrothermal ore deposits and has metamorphosed the floor rocks of the intrusive. The major deposits are of platinum group elements, chrome, nickel, vanadium and uranium. The complex occurs in a number of South Africa's provinces.

 

Museums

 GeoScience museum

Pretoria

Council for GeoScience

 

 

 

 

 

South African Universities

Bruce Cairncross, Associate Professor of Geology at the Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg - email: bc@na.rau.ac.za

http://general.uj.ac.za/geology/cairncross/

 

"Bruce Cairncross" on Find Articles

Image Gallery, Dept. of Geology, University of Johannesburg
 

 

Online Dictionaries

English - Afrikaans

 

Paleontology + Anthropology sites

West Coast Fossil Park - Langebaan 5 million years ago 

 

 

Changing Views of Earth

Continually updated Earth View

 

 

 

Namibia

 

Mindat Localities

Namibia

Tsumeb Mine

Adamite, Anglesite, Aragonite, Ashoverite, Austinite, Barite, Brucite, Calcite, Cerussite, Dolomite, Dundasite, Fraiponite, Greenockite, Gypsum, Hedyphane, Hemimorphite, Hydrocerrusite, Hydrozincite, Leadhillite, Legrandite, Macphersonite, Magnesite, Minium, Montmorillonite, Otavite, Phosgenite, Phlogopite, Prosopite, Pyromorphite, Rhodochrosite, Scheelite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Stolzite, Talc, Talmessite, Tarnowitzite, Thaumasite, Tilasite, Tremolite, Willemite, Wurtzite

  Kombat Mine

Anglesite, Aragonite, Barite, Brucite, Calcite, Carbonate-hydroxylapatite, Cerussite, Dolomite, Fluorite, Gypsum, Harkerite, Hedyphane, Helvite, Kutnahorite, Leadhillite, Microcline, Oligoclase, Phlogopite, Pyromorphite, Rhodochrosite, Richterite, Sakhaite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Talc, Witherite, Zircon

  Berg Aukas

Anglesite, Aragonite, Calcite, Cerussite, Greenockite, Leadhillite, Matlockite, Mimetite, Minium, Pyromorphite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Willemite

 Abenab West Mine

Anglesite, Calcite, Cerussite, Dolomite, Greenockite, Hemimorphite, Microcline, Mimetite, Minium, Montmorillonite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Willemite

Article about Abenab West mine

 Erongo Mountain

near Usakos

Albite, Calcite, Fluorapatite, Fluorite, Hydroxylherderite, Metanovácekite, Metazeunerite, Microcline, Phosphuranylite, Pollucite, Scheelite, Stolzite, Topaz, Torbernite, Zinnwaldite

Krantzberg Mine, Erongo

Abandoned tungsten deposit on Krantzberg Mt., on Farm Pristelwitz. Restricted access.

Burbankite, Calcite, Fluorite, Danburite, Opal, Powellite, Scheelite, Titanite, Topaz, Tourmaline, Zircon

 Aris quarry

near Windhoek

Analcime, Barite, Calcite, Calcio-ancylite-(Ce), Fluorapatite, Fluorite, Kenyaite, Magadiite, Opal, Natrophosphate, Polylithionite, Sanidine, Sodalite, Sphalerite, Thomasite, Thornasite, Villiaumite, Wurtzite, Zircon

Brandberg West Mine

Opencast mine, can drive into it

Fluorapatite, Fluorite, Nahcolite, Scheelite

* Rossing Mine * Arandis

Boltwoodite, Calcite, Clinohumite, Haiweeite, Milarite, Spinel, Tyuyamunite, Uraninite, Uranophane Beta, Weeksite, various uranium minerals

Visited on Horst W. trip, 2002

no collecting

Klein Spitzkoppe

Erongo

Albite, Bertrandite, Calcite, Cerussite, Chabazite, Euclase, Fluorite, Gibbsite, Hydroxylherderite, Magnesite, Mmetite, Opal, Phenakite, Pyrophyllite, Scheelite, Smithsonite, Sphalerite, Talc, Topaz, Yttrofluorite, Zircon

Located 30 km from Usakos.

Strathmore pegmatites,

28 km east of Cape Cross, Erongo

Amblygonite, Eucryptite, Lithiophilite, Montebrasite, Spodumene, Yttrofluorite, Zircon

see Henties Bay Tourism

Uis Pegmatites

Amblygonite, pink tourmaline

Tubessis

Khan mine, near Swapokmund

Apatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Sphalertite

 *  Namib Lead Mine *

Aragonite, Calcite, Hemimorphite, Hydrozincite, Pyromorphite

Swakopmund

Visited on Horst W. trip, 2002

Henderson Mine

13 km SW of Usakos

Usakos, Karibib District

Apatite, Calcite, Diopside, Phlogopite, Rubellite, Titanite, Zircon

 

Neuschwaben (Neu Schwaben)

Karibib district

Pink tourmaline (siberite?, morganite?)

Khorixas, Damaraland

Scheelite, ?

 

Otjua tungsten prospect

Calcite, Marialilte-Meionite, Scheelite

Otjua pics

Garub Mine

Keetmanshoop District

Fluorite mine 100 km north of Karasburg

Anglesite, Calcite, Cerussite, Fluorite

Giant crystals location, Farm Verloren

Quartzberg, Hakos Mts., near Gamsberg

Calcite rhombs up to 1 meter, Tremolite crystals up to 20 meters, Dolomite up to 1 meter length, Talc

Brukkaros Crater

Barite

Not fluorescent, according to Rob. W.

Mine wasn't fluorescent

located in the Gibeon Meteorite strewn field

 Kalkfeld

Omaruru, Damaraland

Albite, Apatite, Barite, Burbankite, Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite, Cryolite, Fluorite, Halite, Nahcolite, Phlogopite, Sphalerite, Strontianite, Sylvite

Rosh Pinah Mine

Barite, Cerussite, Norsethite

 

Skorpion, Rosh Pinah article

Mines info

 Skorpion Mine

Hemimorphite, Hydrozincite, Smithsonite, Tarbuttite

 

Skorpion Mine website

Skorpion Mine info

 Goanikontes claim

Uranium claim (mine) 4 km SE of Goanikontes and 27 km E of Swakopmund

Boltwoodite, Chalcedony

  Arandis area

includes Goanikontes

Apatite, Boltwoodite, Calcite, Danburite, Fluorite, Lithiophilite, Sphalerite

Rubikon Mine

pegmatite, Karibib district

Amblygonite, Lithiophilite, Petalite

Giant Petalite crystals

 Clementine II pegmatite

Okatjimukuju farm

18 km ESE of Karibib

Manganapatite, Mitridatite, Petalite, Strunzite, Topaz

 Seven Pillars mine

Orange River

Fluorite

 Warmbad

Orange River

Albite, Calcite, Fluorite

Pot Mine

gold mine, Erongo

Scheelite

Dicker Willem

Hardap region, NW of Aus

Apatite, Calcite, Tainiolite, Titanite, Wollasonite, Zircon

 Okahua

Private claim. 30 km SE of Otjiwarongo.

Calcite, Chondrodite(?), Clinohumite, Diopside, Dolomite, Forsterite, Meionite, Phlogopite, Spinel (black), Titanite, Wollasonite

Namib Mine

Small quarry just south of Wlotzkas Baken, approx. 2.3 km east of the coastal road between Henties Bay and Swakopmund.

Calcite

 Tubussis

Erongo

Barite, Calcite, Diopside, Magnesioaxinite, Stolzite, Topaz

Tafelkop

Goboboseb Mountains, Brandberg

Analcime, Barite, Calcite, Chalcedony, Gypsum, Heudlandite, Laumontite, Prehnite

Mesopotamia 504

Copper Valley, Khorixas, Damaraland

Albite, Aragonite, Calcite, Cerussite, Dravite, Gypsum, Phlogopite, Scheelite

camping allowed

Omehane, Brandberg

Fluorite, calcite

Goboboseb Mountains

west of Brandberg

Analcime, Apophyllite, Baryte, Calcite, Chalcedony, Gypsum, Prehnite, Scolecite Stilbite

Lattice quartz occurrence

Erongo Mt. area


Beta-uranophane, Eylettersite, Fluorite, Phosphuranylite, Phurcalite

 

Otjiwalundo salt pan

West of Etosha Pan

Pirssonite, Sulphohalite, Thenardite, Trona

Etiro Pegmatite

Karibib District

Albite, var. Cleavelandite, Amblygonite, Apatite, Brazilianite, Lepidolite, Microcline, Topaz

Otjosondu

Largest manganese deposit

Albite, Barite, Bustamite, Calcite, Celsian, Diopside, Hyalophane, Manganocummingtonite, Winchite

 Helikon II pegmatite

Okongava-Ost farm, Karibib

Amblygonite, Apatite, Petalite, Pollucite

Sandamab pegmatite

Eophosphorite, Fluorapatite, Lepidolite, Microcline, Mitridatite, Stronzite

 Grootberg Pass

Heulandite, Laumontite, Scolecite, Stilbite

 

 

 Giant Fluorescent (?) Crystals - Namibia

 

Giant crystals location, Farm Verloren

Calcite, dolomite, tremolite at Quartzberg, Hakos Mts.

 Giant Petalite Crystals, Rubikon Mine, Karibib district

 

 

 


 

Fl. species - Namibia

Calcite

Fl. various colors

Rossing Mine, Tafelkop, Henderson Mine, Tubessis, Khan Mine, Stiepelmann Mine, Namib Lead Mine, Namib Mine

Cerussite

Fl. pale yellow. Fl. blue also reported from Tsumeb

Mesopotamia 504, Berg Aukas, Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb West Mine, Kombat Mine, Abenab West Mine,

Auros mine, Nosib mine, Uitsab Mine (Otavi)

 

 Willemite

Tsumeb Mine + Berg Aukas

Abenab West Mine,

Guchab-Rodgerberg area

 Tarnowitzite (Plumbian Aragonite)

Tsumeb Mine

Tsumeb has produced large tarnowitzite crystals up to 20 cm.

 Fluorite

Fl. blue-purple, LW, and other colors, including pink SW, yellow, white

Many locations in Namibia

including Okorusu, Erongo, Orange River, Kalkfeld, Kombat Mine

 Cobaltoan Dolomite 

fl. red

Tsumeb Mine

Barite 

Rosh Pinah, Tafelkop

 Opal

various locations

 Smithsonite

Fl. pink, yellow - Tsumeb, blue - Berg Aukas

Tsumeb

Orthoclase

Many locations

Phlogopite

Tsumeb Mine + Kombat Mine

Henderson Mine, Usakos, Karibib District, Erongo

Neuhof 100 farm, Malta Heights (Maltahöhe), Hardap Region

Grossular

Sidney pegmatite, Karibib

 Wurtzite

Aris quarry

 Cadmium Wurtzite

Fl. orange

Tsumeb

   Stolzite

Fl. bright yellow SW, Fl. orange-red LW

Tsumeb

Excalibur reports Tsumeb specimen not fluorescent

Hedyphane

Weak fluorescent yellow SW + LW

Tsumeb, Kombat mines

Leadhillite

possibly fl. bright yellow or dull white

Tsumeb, Kombat, Berg Aukas

Phosgenite

Tsumeb mine

weak fluorescent yellow LW

 Manganoan Calcite

fl. bright orange-red

Kalkfeld, Omaruru

 Thaumasite

fl. dull white

Tsumeb mine

Metazeunerite

fl. weak green or yellow (?), doubt about whether it is fluorescent

Erongo Mountain

Strunzite

fl. yellow LW

Clementine II pegmatite, Okatjimukuju farm (Friedrichsfelde farm),18 km ESE of Karibib

Manganoan Fluorapatite

aka  Manganapatite

fl. yellow

Clementine II pegmatite, Karibib

Hydrocerussite

fl. white LW

Tsumeb

 Laumontite

fl. white

Grootberg

Clinohumite

fl. yellow

Okahua

Topaz

Krantzberg Mine

Groot and Klein Spitzkoppe, Erongo

Polylithionite

Aris Quarries

 Oligoclase

probably fl. red

  Kombat Mine

Witherite

Fl. white

Tsumeb mine, Kombat mine

Danburite

Krantzberg Mine, Erongo

Talc

Tsumeb mine, Kombat mine,

Klein Spitzkoppe granite stock

Zircon

fl. yellow

Henderson mine, Usakos, Strathmore pegmatites, Klein Spitzkoppe, Dicker Willem, Aris Quarries, Krantzberg mine, Tsumeb mine, Kombat, Amis complex, Brandberg

  Tremolite

Tsumeb mine, Giant crystals location, Farm Verloren, Hakos Mts.

Jenkinskop, Richtersveld

Pyromorphite

fl. orange or yellow

Namib Lead Mine (Swakopmund), Tsumeb, Berg Aukas, Kombat (Otavi)

Hemimorphite

fl. blue, sometimes white or green

Skorpion Mine, Tsumeb Mine, Abenab West Mine (Grootfontein)

 Sphalerite

fl. orange

Tsumeb mine, Kombat mine, Berg Aukas, Abenab West mine, Aris quarry, Arandis area

Heulandite

Tafelkop

 Diopside

Fl. bright blue

Henderson Mine, Usakos

Tubessis (Erongo)

Okahua. Otjiwarongo

Dravite

fl. yellow

Mesopotamia 504, Copper Valley, Khorixas

Gurumanas

 Natrolite

Aris Quarries

Trona

blue-white yellow-orange SW + LW

Otjiwalundo salt pan

Sulphohalite

fl. white - cream - white LW

Otjiwalundo salt pan

Pirssonite

weak fl. blue-white SW

Otjiwalundo salt pan

Thenardite

fl. bright white SW + LW

Otjiwalundo salt pan

Magadiite

fl. yellow-white SW + LW

Aris Quarry

Brazilianite

Etiro pegmatite, Karibib district

 Titanite

aka Sphene

fl. weak brown SW

Many locations

Mangancummingtonite

(formerly known as Tirodite)

fl. red SW + LW

Otjosondu, Otjozondjupa Region

  Macphersonite

fl. strong yellow SW, LW

Tsumeb mine

Ashoverite 

Fl. bluish-white SW

Tsumeb mine

Tilasite

fl. pink-orange SW

Tsumeb mine

Fraiponite (Henkel only)

Tsumeb

Yellow-white LW, Greenish SW

Massicot (Henkel only)

fl. yellow SW + LW

Tsumeb

Nosib mine, Otavi

Scolecite

Fl. bluish-white LW, yellow SW

Grootberg Pass

Messum crater, Brandberg

 Lithiophilite

Yellow LW

Namibia locations

Hilairite

Fluomin info

Aris Quarry

Cristobalite

Fl. red

Tubussis Farm 22, Karibib

Arnhem Cave

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rare fl. species

Karibibite - SW yellow

Karibib lithium pegmatite, Karibib district, Erongo (type locality)

My Copper Valley specimens not fluorescent

Otavite - SW/LW red

Tsumeb Mine (type locality)

Tarbuttite

Skorpion Mine

rare zinc phosphate

Images

Fl. pale yellow

Boltwoodite

Goanikontes, 35 km from Swakopmund

Boltwoodite notes

Images

Claim owner Andreas Polifi lives in Windhoek

Justin B. knows him

Kenyaite sometimes fl. pale yellow, SW

Aris quarry, Windhoek district

    Milarite

near Rossing

3 Rossing specimens not fluorescent

Mins. Unlimited reported to be not fluorescent, too

 Magnesio-axinite

Tubessis, Erongo

Richterite - bright fl. orange

Kombat Mine

Petalite

Helikon Mine, near Karibib

Strathmore pegmatites,

Uis Pegmatites, Uis

Only 2 specimens are fluorescent

Specimen 1 is fl. orange-pink

Specimen 2 is fl. white

Cupro-Scheelite 

Natas, Khomas region

80km south of Windhoek (may be Hardap)

 Hydroxylherderite

may fluoresce weak yellow under SW

Kleine Spitzkoppe

Amblygonite

Location around Erongo

 Harkerite

Kombat Mine

( also Sakhaite - possible fluorescent)

Austinite

fl. white-green

Tsumeb

Norsethite

fluorescent pink

Rosh Pinah 

 

  Pyrophyllite

Klein Spitzkoppe, Erongo

Tetranatrolite

Aris quarry

(aka Gonnardite, found in Lesotho)

Helvite

fl. pink and fl. red

Thorite

fl. green

Amis Complex, Brandberg area

Strathmore pegmatites, Cape Cross area

Radioactive

  Villiaumite

fl. red or orange

Aris Quarry

Makatite

fl. white- pale cream SW + LW, observed in Makatite from Aris quarry

Burbankite

Kalkfeld, Damaraland

Krantzberg Mine, Omoruru

 Cryolite

Kalkfeld, Damaraland

Aris quarries

 Nahcolite

Kalkfeld, Damaraland

fl. weak blue, weak yellow

Torbernite

fl. yellow

Erongo Mountain

radioactive

 Bertrandite

fl. green SW + LW

Kleine Spitzkoppe

Demburg pegmatite, Karibib

  Metanovacekite

Yellowish green to greenish yellow LW, SW

Erongo Mts.

Metanovacekite info

radioactive

Margarite

fl. bluish-white

Otjisongati Mines

Tainiolite

Dicker Willem

 Dundasite

fl. yellow-white SW

Tsumeb Mine

Weeksite

Rossing Mine

fluorescent + radioactive

Roger's Mins. reports Rossing specimen not fluorescent

Minium

fl. orange

Tsumeb Mine, Berg Aukas, Abenab West Mine

RT reports Tsumeb specimen not fluorescent

 Halloysite

fl. various colors

Rubicon Mine, Karibib area

Gyrolite

Sandamab Mine, Usakos

mm available

My Sandamab specimen not fluorescent

 Zinnwaldite

fl. peach-yellow, SW + LW 

Erongo Mts.

Van der Made pegmatite, Etiro, Karibib

Carbonate-hydroxylapatite

Kombat Mine

 Gibbsite

Klein Spitzkoppe granite stock

 Thornasite

fl. green SW +LW

Aris Quarries

Calcio-ancylite-(Ce)

fl. blue gray SW + LW

Aris Quarries

Analcime

SW green blue white, LW -green, creamy white yellow

Aris Quarries

Clinochrysotile

fl.

according to New Fl.

Warmbad, Orange River

Uranophane Beta

fl. green

Rossing Mine

Tyuyamunite

fl.

radioactive

Rossing Mine

 Chabazite

fl.

Klein Spitzkoppe

Montebrasite

Some specimens fl. orange LW

Strathmore pegmatites

and Karibib area

Phosphuranylite

 Lattice quartz occurrence

Erongo Mt. area


Eylettersite

Greenish yellow SW, weak cream brown LW

 Lattice quartz occurrence

Erongo Mt. area

 Phurcalite

Yellowish-green SW + LW

Radioactive

 Lattice quartz occurrence

Erongo Mt. area

 Natrophosphate

Fl. weak orange SW, LW

Aris Quarries

Haiweeite

weak dull green SW, LW

Rossing Mine

Talmessite 

fl. weak green SW

Tsumeb mine

Prosopite

fl. blue white SW, LW

Tsumeb Mine

Pollucite 

Fl. cream white blue green SW, weak orange LW

Erongo, Helikon II pegmatite

 
Mitridatite

Fl. red LW

Clementine II pegmatite

Sandamab pegmatite

 Cancrinite

Fl. yellow

Locations

 Sylvite

Kalkfeld, Kunene, Namibia

Matlockite

Berg Aukas 

Saw specimen for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 Geological Survey of Namibia

 National Earth Science Museum home

 National Earth Science Museum, Geological Survey page

 Walvis Bay Gem and Mineral Club

 Brandberg Rest Camp, Uis

 Article about Namibian mines

Mining Journal Online 

  Chamber of Mines Photo Gallery

* Directory of Mines *

* Producing Mines of Namibia *

Mine List - Maps

 

 

 

 

 

Articles

Damaraland Central Igneous Complexes

Brandberg, Erongo, Okorusu, etc. with pictures

Okorusu, Namibia fluorspar ores

Geology of Tsumeb (Mineral Gallery)

Karibib, centre of marble mining in Namibia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Trip Reports - Namibia +

Geological field trips and available tours (*)

 

2002 Namibia Mineral Trip

 2002 Field Trip report - Horst

including Rossing Siding, Namib Lead Mine

* Turnstone Tours, Swakopmund*

 Willie Steyn's Site Photo Gallery

* Geological Tours*

* Desert Day Tours *

 *Giant crystals up to 20 m at Farm Verloren*

*Messum Crater 4x4 route*

Gypsum crystals, gypsum plains

Henties Bay Tourism

* Damaraland Minerals 4x4 Route*

Pegmatites

Henties Bay Tourism

*Brandberg West 4x4 route*

Brandberg West tungsten mine

Henties Bay Tourism

 Escursione mineralogica nella Namibia centrale e nel sud Damaraland - 1999

translated version can be found by searching Google for "cupro-scheelite

 2007 Namibia Tour

Gem and Mineral Council

Geodite Namibia Tours

Etusis Lodge (Farm Etusis)

Karibib

Geo-tourism Analysis

Brandberg Rest Camp, Uis

 

 A 4200 km long mineral trip in Namibian sand and stone desert 2002

 

 

 

Popular Mine Tours

 * Rössing Mine *

 

Mine tours available, no collecting

 

 

 

Guides + other resources

 

Chris Johnston, Omaruru dealer

chris@khanrivermining.com.na

Monty van der Smit
Uis, Namibia
phone/fax: +(264)-64-504096
mobil: 081- 1283350

e-mail: monty@iway.na
(wir sprechen Deutsch)

Namibia Individuell

 *Tozour Namibian Fluorescents *

 Impressions of Tsumeb

 Kristall Galerie, Swakopmund

The Mineralogical Record: Tsumeb! (Volume 8, Issue 3 - May/June 1977)

 

 Tsumeb Geology

List of Photos + Maps

Namibia history site

 GetMap - Namibia

 

 

 

Mineral Prospector's License

Apply for Prospector's Licence from the Dept. of Mines office in Windhoek (supposed to apply for this six weeks prior to entering Namibia) and Export Permits.

 

 

 

People

Sid Pieters - 1920-2003 - In Memoriam
Oleg yon Knorring - 1915-1995 - Memorial
 

 

Notes

 Namibia is slightly less than half the size of Alaska.
"Tsumeb is one of the greatest mineral localities of all time. It's famous for zinc, lead, cobalt and copper minerals. The total mineral species count from this area has topped 300 and over 20 of them are found only there."
"The Tsumeb Mine, Tsumeb, Namibia, Africa is widely thought of as the premier mineral locality in the world. This mine produced more variety of truly superb minerals than anywhere else in the world. The mine closed over two decades ago."
The Namib Desert has changed little for 100 million years. It's the oldest desert on Earth.

 

Careful not to collect any rare "Para-site"

 

 

Places to stay

   

Zambia

Zambia localities

 

 

 

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe localitites

Bikita pegmatite

Albite, Allophane, Amblygonite, Apatite, Bikitaite, Calcite, Eucryptite, Lepidolite, Microcline, Petalite, Pollucite, Simpsonite, Spodumene

 

 

Tanzania

Tanzania localities

 

 

Malawi

Malawi localities

 Mt. Malosa

 

 Rift Mineral Province

Zircon

   

 

 

Mozambique

 

 Alto Ligonha Pegmatite-District

Beryl, Dravite, Fluorite,
Hydroxylherderite, Lepidolite, Microcline, Petalite, Rubellite, Scapolite, Spodumene, Topaz, Zircon

 

 

 

 

Madagascar

Madagascar localities

 Thames Valley Minerals: Madagascar  GGG Gems
 Fabre - Africa, Madagascar  Minresco Fluorescent List
   

Hambergite

 

 

 

Field trips

Field Course on the Rare Element Pegmatites of Madagascar,, 2001,
Federico Pezzotta homepage
Gem and Mineral Council, Natural History Museum, LA

 

Geological maps of Madagascar

 

Corby Waste, researcher

Contact: Corby Waste